Facts and History

FACTS


LAND AREA
238,540 sq km (92,100 sq miles)

COAST LINE
540 km

CLIMATE
Tropical-General temperatures 21-32°C
Rainy seasons: March - July
September - October
Dry & Hot summer (Dry Harmattan winds): November - March

ADMINISTRATION

Ten administrative regions and Capitals as follows:

REGION                 CAPITAL                       MILEAGE FROM ACCRA

Greater Accra          Accra                           (Tema 29km)
Eastern                    Koforidua                    85km
Volta                         Ho                                165km
Central                     Cape Coast               144km
Western                   Sekondi/Takoradi     218km
Ashanti                     Kumasi                      270km
Brong Ahafo            Sunyani                      400km
Northern                  Tamale                       658km
Upper East              Bolgatanga                740km
Upper West             Wa                              740km

POPULATION
18,845,265 (2000 census)
20,757,032 (July 2004 est)

LANGUAGE
Official - English
Local languages include Akan, Ewe, Ga, Dagbani, Nzema and Hausa.

RELIGION
Mostly Christian, Moslem and Traditional religions also exist.

CAPITAL CITY
Accra

GOVERNMENT
Constitutional Democracy

INDEPENDENCE
6th March 1957 from British Administration. The country was formerly known as the Gold Coast.

LOCAL TIME
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

NATURAL RESOURCES
Gold, Diamond, Bauxite, Manganese, Timber and Cocoa.

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
January 1 - New Year"s Day
January/February - Eid Ul Adha (according to Muslim calendar)
March 6 - Independence Day
April - Good Friday
Easter Monday
May 1 - May Day
May 25 - African Union Day
July 1 - Republic Day
November/December - Eid Ul-Fitr (Moslem festival)
December 1st Friday - Farmers Day
December 25 - Christmas
December 26 - Boxing Day

COUNTRY DIALING CODE
233



HISTORICAL GHANA

Formerly the Gold Coast, Ghana is a young republic which became independent from Britain on March 6. 1957, the first black African colony to achieve its independence. Ghana occupies the pinnacle spot in Pan-African history having hit the torch for African Emancipation and became home in famous Pan-Africanist such as W.E. B Du Bois and George Pad more. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah whose mausoleum adds to Accra"s landscape was Ghana"s first President.

European power struggle between the 15th and 19th centuries started with the Portuguese who built Elmina Castle in 1482. They were followed by the Dutch, Swedes, Danes, Prussians and the British looking for fortunes in gold and ivory.

This intense commercial rivalry ended with the growth of the tragic trade in silvery - all 42 European castles and fortifications were used as dungeons for the millions most of whom lost their lives or whose descendants compose the African diaspora today.




NATURAL HERITAGE

The natural heritage is rich, featuring:



image by PAJohnson

Adinkra Symbols photo available map available

Adinkra symbols are named after King Adinkra who was an ivory coast king in the early 19th century

A Short History of Cape Coast (Oguaa)Royal Stool photo available map available

Succession to the Stool of Cape Coast was established in 1856 it was beign selected from male line, that is from father to son of a previous ruler and a change to female line was instituted.

Donkor Nsuo (The Slave River) at Assin Manso photo available map available

A secrets place where the slave trade were chained to the tall stump before or after their last bath.

The Prempeh II Jubilee Museum  map available

Located in the Centre for National Culture ground, the museum houses a fascinating collection of Ashanti ...

Manhyia Palace and Museum photo available 

This is official residence of the Ashantehene. Its large courtyard

Ghana Armed Forces Museum photo available 

This Museum exhibits materials that primarily concern the British-Ashanti

Fertility Akuaba Doll  

The famous Ashanti fertility doll with annulated neck and discoid face is worn on

The Grave of Dr. Ephraim Amu  map available

At Peki Avetile one can find the grave of Dr. Ephraim Amu, the celebrated Ghanaian musicologist who used authentic Ghanaian...

Traditional buildings photo available map available

Unique Ashanti architecture contracted with local materials and decorated with immensely interesting and educative motifs and symbols...

The Mace photo available 

The mace, which is the symbol of the authority by the Speaker of Parliament.

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