238,540 sq km (92,100 sq miles)
Tropical-General temperatures 21-32°C
Rainy seasons: March - July
September - October
Dry & Hot summer (Dry Harmattan winds): November - March
Ten administrative regions and Capitals as follows:
REGION CAPITAL MILEAGE FROM ACCRA
Greater Accra Accra (Tema 29km)
Eastern Koforidua 85km
Volta Ho 165km
Central Cape Coast 144km
Western Sekondi/Takoradi 218km
Ashanti Kumasi 270km
Brong Ahafo Sunyani 400km
Northern Tamale 658km
Upper East Bolgatanga 740km
Upper West Wa 740km
18,845,265 (2000 census)
20,757,032 (July 2004 est)
Official - English
Local languages include Akan, Ewe, Ga, Dagbani, Nzema and Hausa.
Mostly Christian, Moslem and Traditional religions also exist.
6th March 1957 from British Administration. The country was formerly known as the Gold Coast.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
Gold, Diamond, Bauxite, Manganese, Timber and Cocoa.
January 1 - New Year"s Day
January/February - Eid Ul Adha (according to Muslim calendar)
March 6 - Independence Day
April - Good Friday
May 1 - May Day
May 25 - African Union Day
July 1 - Republic Day
November/December - Eid Ul-Fitr (Moslem festival)
December 1st Friday - Farmers Day
December 25 - Christmas
December 26 - Boxing Day
COUNTRY DIALING CODE
Formerly the Gold Coast, Ghana is a young republic which became independent from Britain on March 6. 1957, the first black African colony to achieve its independence. Ghana occupies the pinnacle spot in Pan-African history having hit the torch for African Emancipation and became home in famous Pan-Africanist such as W.E. B Du Bois and George Pad more. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah whose mausoleum adds to Accra"s landscape was Ghana"s first President.
European power struggle between the 15th and 19th centuries started with the Portuguese who built Elmina Castle in 1482. They were followed by the Dutch, Swedes, Danes, Prussians and the British looking for fortunes in gold and ivory.
This intense commercial rivalry ended with the growth of the tragic trade in silvery - all 42 European castles and fortifications were used as dungeons for the millions most of whom lost their lives or whose descendants compose the African diaspora today.
- 42 forts and castles including Elmina and Cape Coast Castles are recognised by UNESCO as World I Heritage Monuments.
- Sites of wars between the British and at he indigenous population especially the Ashanti peoples.
- Ancient artistry in fabrics with the colourful and popular Ashanti Bonwire Kente Cloth now adopted as a focus of identity by many people of African descent the world over.
- An antique collector"s haven for ancient terra cotta work. Traditional gold jewellery, Krobo beads, northern leather and straw product, woodcarving of Ahwiaa-Ashanti.
- The practice of ancient herbal and alternative medicine side by side with orthodox medical practice throughout the country; herbariums preserve the ancient medical heritage.
- Colourful traditional festivals full of pomp and pageantry with Chiefs and Queen Mothers riding on lushly gilded palanquins.
- Colourful traditional open markets and lorry parks provide the sounds and sights of the African bazaar.
The natural heritage is rich, featuring:
- Dense tropical rainforests being developed into nature parks for the ecology-minded tourist. such as the new National Park at Kakum, and in Ankasa Forest in the south of the country. Birds and butterflies are particularly numerous in Ghana I s forests. The forests" nature trails are attractive and a great way to see the birds and butterflies.
- Unique eco-system where colonies of monkeys live in symbiotic relationship with the local human community. A form of ecological conservation which has emerged naturally. This can be seen in the nature sanctuary at Buabeng-Fiema village in Brong Ahafo.
- Crocodile"s ponds are found in different parts of the country.
- Coastal wetlands for indigenous and migratory birds abound for bird watching enthusiasts notably at the Volta Estuary. Songor Lagoon and Panbros Beach near Accra.
- The century-old Aburi Botanical Gardens serve as a museum of natural history for tropical species from all five continents.
Adinkra symbols are named after King Adinkra who was an ivory coast king in the early 19th century
Succession to the Stool of Cape Coast was established in 1856 it was beign selected from male line, that is from father to son of a previous ruler and a change to female line was instituted.
A secrets place where the slave trade were chained to the tall stump before or after their last bath.
Located in the Centre for National Culture ground, the museum houses a fascinating collection of Ashanti ...
This is official residence of the Ashantehene. Its large courtyard
This Museum exhibits materials that primarily concern the British-Ashanti
The famous Ashanti fertility doll with annulated neck and discoid face is worn on
At Peki Avetile one can find the grave of Dr. Ephraim Amu, the celebrated Ghanaian musicologist who used authentic Ghanaian...
Unique Ashanti architecture contracted with local materials and decorated with immensely interesting and educative motifs and symbols...
The mace, which is the symbol of the authority by the Speaker of Parliament.