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Facts and History

omanhene of oguaa omanhene of oguaa
omanhene of oguaa

A Short History of Cape Coast (Oguaa)Royal Stool

It is an established fact that prior to the year 1856, the succession to the stool of Cape Coast (Oguaa) was selected from male line, that is, from father to son of a previous ruler. For that matter, Egyir Ansah, Chief of Cape Coast, was succeeded from the male line by Burupu. Upon his death, he was also succeeded from the male line by Kofi Amissa.

Due to the bad rule of Kofi Amissa, a bloody riot or revolution took place on Wednesday, 25th January 1856 involving Chief Kofi Amissa supported by No. 4 Asafo Company on one side and the other Asafo Companies on the other side. Chief Kofi Amissa and his allies were defeated and were destooled on the 28th January, 1856. This murderous act occasioned the institution of the great Oath “Oguaa Wukudaa” since it occurred on a Wednesday.


In March 1856, the Oman and the Asafo Companies (the King Makers) as the victors of the said riot discontinued the ascension of the stool from the male line. A change to female line was therefore instituted and adopted the stool of Birempong Kojo Ebiradzie Family (stool) as the new Royal Stool of Cape Coast. For that matter, Kweku Atta who was then, the Head of Birempong Kojo abiradze Family, Fikessim, Cape Coast, was the first Chief of Cape Coast from the female line on the 12th March, 1856.

After the death of Omanhen Kweku Atta on the 20th February, 1856, he was succeeded by Kweku Enu, who mounted Birempong Kojo Ebiradze Stool on 16th March, 1856 as the Second Omanhen from the female line died on 3rd February 1868.

Upon the death of Omanhen Kweku Enu, he was succeeded by Omanhen Kwesi Atta, who also died in January, 1887. All the three chiefs were from Effikesim or Fikesim where birempong Kojo Ebiradze family stool was Ref. Cape Coast Enquiry which is popularly referred to as Crowther Report or Memorandum.

The forth chief to mount the Birempong Kojo’s Mbrah alias Albert Ogoe, a gold changer. Before his ascension to the stool, he was a linguist at the King of Anomabu’s Court. He was of Ebiradze tribe. Later, when he moved to Cape Coast and he allied himself with the Ebiradze family of Fikesim. Kojo Mbra became an influential figure in the family, in 1888, when Oman demanded a chief for the town; they requested the head of the Ebiradze Family the Queen Mother Nana Aboekyi II and the Gyasis to nominate him to occupy the Stool. at the time of his installation, a sheep was slaughted to indicate that he was a caretaker. According to the family history, he himself often called his pet “Oguaa man hom ara wosi” meaning, “You Oguaa have chosen me as a caretaker”.

During the term of his office, he smashed the then stool of cape Coast on which Egir Ansa mounted in the male line or descent and washed the Stool of Birempong Kojo with blood, an act which he was made to pay a pacification fee to the Oman. Again it was during his reign that the old Ahenfie located at Dawson Hill (Ketsekokwadu) was put up by Werempodom (Gyasi). The said Ahenfie is the property of Oman and Gyasis.

Africans believe that souls of our departed ones will have a peaceful rest after the performance of the final funeral rites. It is seven more important in the case of chefs who are supposed to be “Fathers” of their respective communities.

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